Tashwirul Afkar (P-ISSN: 1410-9166, E-ISSN: 2655-7401) is a peer-reviewed journal which is published by the Institute for the Study and Development of Human Resources, the Nahdlatul Ulama Executive Board (LAKPESDAM-PBNU) aims to initiate and to stimulate progress, both in religious and cultural thinking. Therefore, it publishes papers that promote new ideas, models, approaches, and paradigms by contributing to the advances in knowledge, theory of religious and cultural thinking.

The journal covers applied research studies and review articles, both in the format of full-length articles and research notes. Applied research studies are expected to examine relationships among variables relevant to hospitality and tourism by employing appropriate analytical or statistical technique. High-quality review articles that address the latest advances and develop theoretical knowledge or thinking about key aspects of religious and cultural thinking are accepted. Research notes are short articles that report advances in methodology, exploratory research findings, or extensions/discussions of prior research.

Tashwirul Afkar will also welcome commentary in response to published articles. All papers are subject to a double-blind peer-review process based on an initial screening by the editor criteria for evaluation include a significant contribution to the field, conceptual quality, appropriate methodology, and clarity of exposition.


  • Puri Agung Klungkung, as the traditional leader in the social hierarchy of Klungkung, Bali, plays a crucial role in maintaining relationships and religious harmony in the region. Historically, the oldest Muslim community in Bali is the Gelgel Village, closely associated with King Gelgel. The...

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Adat Leadership in Puri Agung Klungkung and Conflict Resolution Amidst Religious Harmony Disintegration
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